Does Pizza Dough Have to Rise Twice?

When it comes to creating the perfect pizza crust, one question often arises among home cooks and even experienced bakers: does pizza dough have to rise twice? Understanding the rising process is essential to mastering the art of pizza dough.

Let’s delve into the world of fermentation, texture, and flavor to find out how the rising process contributes to the ultimate pizza experience.

Single Rise vs. Double Rise: What’s the Difference?

A single rise and a double rise refer to the number of times you allow your pizza dough to undergo fermentation before baking. Here’s a quick explanation:

Single Rise Double Rise
The dough is left to rise once after mixing until it doubles in size. The dough is allowed to rise twice, usually once after mixing and again after shaping into balls.

Benefits of a Double Rise

Allowing your dough to rise twice has several benefits both for texture and flavor:

  • Improved Texture: A double rise helps develop a lighter, more delicate crust with an airy interior.
  • Enhanced Flavor: The additional fermentation time allows for a more complex flavor profile to develop.
  • Better Gluten Development: The rest period between the first and second rise gives gluten strands time to relax and strengthen, which can yield a chewier crust.
  • More Forgiving Process: If you make errors in proofing time during the first rise, the second rise can help correct them, resulting in a more consistent crust.

The Science Behind Rising Dough

Dough rises due to the fermentation process, where yeast converts sugars into carbon dioxide and alcohol. This is what gives dough its lift and contributes to the eventual texture and taste of your pizza crust.

The question of whether pizza dough has to rise twice isn’t just about tradition—it’s about chemistry. Let’s take a look:

First Rise (Bulk Fermentation) Second Rise (Proofing)

This is where the majority of the fermentation happens.

The dough increases in volume and flavor complexity begins to build.

The second rise is usually shorter and allows for final adjustments to the dough’s structure and volume before baking.

How to Perform A Second Rise

  1. Divide the dough into your desired number of pieces after the first rise.
  2. Shape each piece into a tight ball by pulling the dough underneath itself.
  3. Place the dough balls on a floured surface or a baking sheet, cover with a damp cloth or plastic wrap, and let them rise for 30 minutes to 1 hour or until they puff up slightly.

Keep in mind that environmental factors such as room temperature can significantly impact rise times.

Can You Skip the Second Rise?

While some pizza connoisseurs swear by a double rise, it’s not always necessary for every type of pizza.

For a thinner crust or when time is of the essence, you can opt for a single rise. Experiment with both methods to determine your preferred texture and flavor profile.

Tips for Perfect Pizza Dough

  • Use a high-quality, high-protein flour like bread flour for better gluten development.
  • Maintain a warm environment to help your dough rise consistently.
  • Don’t rush the fermentation process. Patience can significantly improve the end result.
  • For a crisper crust, consider using a pizza stone or steel when baking.

Frequently Asked Questions On Does Pizza Dough Have To Rise Twice

Is Double-rising Necessary For Pizza Dough?

Double-rising is not strictly necessary but it can improve flavor and texture by allowing more time for fermentation and gluten development.

How Long Should Pizza Dough Rise Twice?

For a double rise, the first proof is generally 1-2 hours, while the second rise might be shorter, often around 30 minutes to 1 hour.

Can Pizza Dough Overproof With Two Rises?

Yes, pizza dough can overproof if left too long during either rise, leading to a dough that’s too airy and possibly collapses.

What’s The Benefit Of Second Rise In Pizza Dough?

A second rise helps create a more complex flavor and a lighter, airier crust due to additional fermentation and gas production.


A double rise can elevate the quality of your homemade pizza, leading to superior texture and flavor. However, it doesn’t mean that single-risen dough isn’t capable of producing delicious results.

Ultimately, the choice to let pizza dough rise twice depends on your personal preference and the specific pizza style you aim to achieve. Happy baking and buon appetito!

Leave a Comment